What is the Digestive System?
The mouth, pharynx (throat), stomach, oesophagus, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus are all parts of the digestive system. Salivary glands, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas are also included since they produce digestive juices and enzymes that enable the body to break down food and liquids.
Our digestive tract is specially designed to do its task of converting food into the nutrients and energy needed to survive. Once that is completed, it conveniently organises the waste products, or stool, for elimination when we have bowel movements.
Importance of Digestion
Digestion is essential because our body needs the nutrients from the food we consume and the liquids we drink to keep healthy and function correctly. The nutrients in the food and drinks we consume are broken down and absorbed by our digestive system for essential activities, including cell growth, repair, and energy production. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, lipids, water, and minerals, are examples of nutrients.
Organs of the Digestive System
The main organs of the digestive system are the mouth, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. The oral cavity, including the parts of the mouth, teeth, tongue, and palate, serves as the opening to the digestive system and is the beginning of the alimentary canal. The pancreas, gallbladder, and liver also support them in their process.
Conditions and Disorders
The digestive system can be affected by short-term and long-term issues or chronic diseases and disorders. It can be a symptom of a more severe problem that calls for diagnosis and treatment by a doctor. Constipation, diarrhoea, and occasional heartburn are all frequent health issues. Consult a healthcare provider if you commonly experience these digestive problems.
Care of the Digestive System
Always ask your healthcare practitioner what you should do, and take medicine if you have a health condition to stay healthy and manage it. The general guidelines for maintaining a healthy digestive system are as follows:
- Drink more water
- Practice stress management
- Consume a fibre-rich balanced diet
- Avoid smoking and alcohol
- Mindful eating habits
- Consume more foods with probiotics or take probiotic supplements
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